Tamiya-35324 Enigma

Tamiya-35324 Enigma

Price:£45.00
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Iraq's T-54/55 Tanks

Iraq was a major operator of T-54/55 series tanks and ordered their first 250 T-54s from the former Soviet Union in 1958, followed by 50 more in 1965. Many of these were lost during the Yom Kippur War so 300 T-55s were ordered in 1973. Other purchases followed: 50 and 400 T-55s from the surplus stocks of East Germany and Poland respectively in 1980; 250 T-55s and 150 TR-580s (Romanian version of the T-55) from Egypt and Romania respectively in 1981; another 400 T-55s, including some Czech-built examples, from the former Soviet Union in 1981; and about 1,500 Type 59 and Type 69 tanks were bought from China during the 1980s.

Iraq 'Enigma"

Since the T-54/55s were introduced ill the period after WWII, the basic design was becoming obsolete by the 1980s. Many countries thus developed upgrades in order to modernize the T-55 and Iraq was no exception. Although the official Iraqi designation is not known, their upgraded variant was called T-55 "Enigma" by Coalition forces during the 1991 Gulf War. This Iraqi variant focused on armor upgrades and was likely modeled after the T-55AM, which featured extra armor blocks on the glacis and turret. The Enigma expanded on this to also include armor blocks on the sides of the hull and the rear of the turret. These blocks were made up of armor plates welded into boxes to create a sort of spaced armor and they were then attached to the hull and turret. Two large blocks with holes to allow access to the tow hooks were bolted to the glacis, with the left block positioned lower to aid the driver's field of vision. A smaller armor block was installed on the front section of each mudguard and eight other blocks were mounted along each side of the hull. Two sets of four armor blocks curved along the front and sides of the turret, with the forward left-side block hinged to facilitate driver ingress/egress. Two long arms extended from the rear of the turret, onto which four armor blocks were installed to serve as a counterweight. Although the armor blocks on the Enigma looked similar, poor construction meant they each differed slightly in size.

 

 

T-55 "Enigma" in Combat

The exact number of T-55s which were modified to the Enigma standard is unknown, although there appeared to be enough for them to be assigned as command vehicles for regular T-55 units. It was confirmed that T-55 "Enigma" tanks were encountered by Coalition forces during the Iraqi Army's sole offensive action during the 1991 Gulf War, the Battle of Khafji. On January 29, 1991, two weeks after the Coalition forces' aerial campaign began, the Iraqi Army launched an attack into Saudi Arabia from Kuwait. The Iraqi 1st Mechanized, 3rd Armored, and 5th Mechanized Divisions attacked Coalition positions along the Kuwaiti-Saudi border and this last unit managed to occupy the town of Khafji. However, the advances of other Iraqi units were halted by the U.S. 1st and 2nd Marine regiments and intense Coalition air attack. The Iraqi 5th Mechanized Division became isolated, suffered heavy losses to Coalition counterattacks, and eventually withdrew from Khafji by noon of the 31st.

After the 1991 Gulf War, many T-55 "Enigma" tanks were confiscated by Coalition forces and several examples were sent to the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. One of these has been put on display at the Tank Museum ill Bovington. This example features the Iraqi Army's standard overall Sand paint scheme but lacks unit and vehicle number markings.

 

 


Delivery

We will endeavor to dispatch your goods as soon as possible on receipt of your order and acceptance by us.

Orders of small items which will go by post office will be despatched the same day or the next when ever possible.

Orders for larger items  made on Friday or the weekend and Bank Holidays will be dispatched within 48 Hours of Trading resuming.

These times are guide lines and if possible will be sooner but we do not have control over the carriers if it takes a little longer. Please Note some areas of the UK are not covered for Saturday deliveries.

All Goods will be delivered to the address given by you so please make sure you fill in your details correctly. We are not responsible for mistakes made by yourselves or delivered to a neighbour or other place if requested by you.

Once you have taken delivery of your items you have 48 hours to notify us in writing or email if anything is defective, damaged or parts missing.

If the Packing is damaged by the Carriers it mut be signed for as such or you will not be able to make a claim.             

Shipping  Costs

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Cancellation and Returns


If you wish to cancel an order before it has been dispatched then you must contact us immediately. If you do not and the goods are dispatched you will be liable for all shipping charges Outward  and Return.

In accordance with the EU Distance Selling Directive you have a seven working day period starting from the day you receive your order in which you can return any products for a refund. Part built, started ,run, flown items or opened boxes are not covered by this and will not be excepted. All returned items must be in original unopened boxes.You must inform us in writing or email before the end of this period. The products must then be returned within this 7 day period, unopened and in their original condition. Charges will apply if any parts are missing ,altered , modified, swapped or damaged. If the goods are in a sealed box or package the seal must still be intact or the refund will not be accepted. You are responsible for insurance and return delivery costs.

We will endeavor to make any credits within 28 days of your original purchase date most are done within 3 working banking days .

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P and S Hobbies and Models Ltd
32 Castle Road Scarborough
North Yorkshire
YO11 1XE
01723-377020